Farrar pavilion with drawing concept

A pergola can add a private oasis, reclaim a patch of yard, highlight an entrance, and form a stunning new look for your business or landscape. They are also a lot of fun to build.

Measuring is the first step in the construction process towards a new pergola. Before you can begin to measure for a pergola there are three things you will need to do.

Step 1. Plan Your Exercise of Space

The pergola type best suited for the area you have outlined for construction will determine how and what you will need to measure.

Whether the pergola is for personal

diy pergola plan for deck

or for commercial use …

kitchen attached pergola

consider the outside boundaries and surrounding landscape
and what you cannot change.

For example:

Driveways, trees, existing irrigation systems, downspouts, and utilities such air conditioner and heating pump.

Solar panels on pergola

Which direction does the primary residence or facility face, East, West, North or South?

Do you want full or partial shade coverage ?

Do you have plans for additional ammenities in the future, e.g. solar panels, fireplace, or an outdoor television?

2. Choose Your Type of Structure

Will your pergola be freestanding or attached?

schematic diy pergola kit
attached pergola plan
Timber frame custom pergola

The beauty of a well-designed pergola is in its versatility to accommodate an insufficient ground area or sizeable area with as much or as little protection as desired.

Extended roof over an outdoor fireplace

A cantilever, radius or extended roof outspreads the span of the shade a roof will provide. It is also can be extremely practical, using less space for smaller areas.

cantilever diy pergola plan
inverted roof pergola

An inverse roof works on the flip-side, in reverse. There are times when a homeowner chooses a curvilinear roof solely for its aesthetic appeal. In some landscapes, it is to draw the eyes to a particular focal point. On this ShadeScape™ DIY Pergola Kit, it was also for the practicality of placement over the open fire pit.

3. Choose Your Timber Size

The thickness of the timbers is not just about personal preference. There are three things to consider when building a pergola; the Span of the rafters, snow Load and Type of the materials used.

A well engineered timber frame pergola can stand against powerful winds and last for centuries. See a ShadeScape™ Pergola Stands Strong through One of the Powerful Hurricanes on Record! Check out the weight and timber size examples of 14′ x 22′ ShadeScape™ DIY pergola kits.

14x22 timber frame pergola comparison

Pergola Timber Size & Weight Comparion

6000 Series comparison

14′ x 22′ ShadeScape™ DIY Pergola Kit w/Posts 6″ Wide

  • 2,925 Pounds
  • 886 Board Feet
  • 6″ x 6″ Posts
  • 3″ x 10″ Beams
  • 2″ x 8″ Rafters
  • 2″ x 4″ Shade Planks
  • 2″ x 8″ Knee Braces
8000 shadescape series

14′ x 22′ ShadeScape™ DIY Pergola Kit w/Posts 8″ Wide

  • 4,561 Pounds
  • 1,382 Board Feet
  • 8″ x 8″ Posts
  • 4″ x 12″ Beams
  • 3″ x 10″ Rafters
  • 2″ x 6″ Shade Planks
  • 3″ x 8″ Knee Braces
shadescape kit 14 x 22

14′ x 22′ ShadeScape™ DIY Pergola Kit w/Posts 10″ Wide

  • 6,556 Pounds
  • 1,988 Board Feet
  • 10″ x 10″ Posts
  • 6″ x 12″ Beams
  • 4″ x 10″ Rafters
  • 3″ x 6″ Shade Planks
  • 4″ x 8″ Knee Braces
12000 series shadescape compare

14′ x 22′ ShadeScape™ DIY Pergola Kit w/Posts 12″ Wide

  • 9,035 Pounds
  • 2,738 Board Feet
  • 12″ x 12″ Posts
  • 8″ x 12″ Beams
  • 6″ x 8″ Rafters
  • 4″ x 6″ Shade Planks
  • 6″ x 8″ Knee Braces

Once you have decided on the characteristics of the shade structure

you can begin

measuring for your pergola.

Get the Free Ultimate Pergola and Pavilion Guide

Get the Free Ultimate Pergola and Pavilion Guide