Timber frame custom pergola

The design of a roof on a timber frame pergola can really change the look and feel of the architecture which is really exciting. In many ways, it almost seems like the sky – not the roof- is the limit. Luckily, at Western Timber Frame™ you don’t have to just dream it in your mind as a Design Manager can give you a rendering of how that particular material or idea would look like.

conservatory roof

A roof is the uppermost part of a building that provides shelter and protection from the heat, rain, wind, a variety of weather conditions.

The characteristics implemented in a roof depends upon the intended use of the architectural structure. For instance, a pergola or verandah is designed to admit only partial sunlight. A conservatory – on the other hand – has a solid glass or light emitting cover for a roof that protects plants from the cold but lets in sunlight.

gable roof pavilion chandelier

The 3D ShadeScape® model – pictured here – is a pavilion style shelter, The homeowners wanted it to feature a pergola style roof providing dapple lighting for their outdoor living space but with the look of a pavilion.

Modern technology gives us roofs that can open up at the push of a button and close again. Below is a sample of louvered roof designs.

open roof pavilion

There is a seemingly endless array of roof designs options for creating beautiful architectural shade creations. In a shade structure, the overall architectural design and the roof style is usually what determines whether a shade structure is called a gazebo, pergola or pavilion. Typically a gazebo has a conical eight-sided shaped roof.

#DIYGazeboPlan

#DIYPergolaPlan

Pergolas have a semi-open roof to allow for sunlight and shade together, the best of both worlds.

Pavilions feature a completely enclosed roof and as will all ShadeScape® shelters they can be attached or free-standing structures. Additionally, timber frame arbor, gazebo, pavilion, and gazebo kits sometimes will extend the roof extending out further on one side several sides for an extension of shade coverage.

pavilion-gazebo-pergola-plan

#DIYPavilionPlan

24 Roof Ideas for Arbor, Gazebos,
Pavilions, Pergolas, and More

#1 Hip Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

shadescape pavilion kit installed

The gentle slope of a hip roof with its trapezoidal sides and pyramid-like elegance is a graceful traditional design that pleases the eyes and can be constructed in a combination of various unique styles. The hip roof also referred to as a hipped roof is asymmetrical rectangular construction with two hips meeting at either end with four sloping uniform sides meeting at a single peak.

After installing 12 post pavilion kit

When the hip is equal on all four sides it is sometimes called a pavilion roof or a pyramid roof. The external angle to which the sloping adjacent sides meet is the hip. To the degree that the hip slopes is ascribed as the hip-bevel. A hipped roof is durable, adding architectural quality and solidness to a home or shade structure.

#2 A-Frame Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

pavilion night-light

A gable roof is shaped like an upside-down V and is sometimes referred to as a dual pitched, saddle, saddleback or peaked roof. The gentle slope of a hip roof with its trapezoidal sides and pyramid-like elegance is a graceful traditional design that pleases the eyes and can be constructed in a combination of various unique styles. The hip roof also referred to as a hipped roof is asymmetrical rectangular construction with two hips meeting at either end with four sloping uniform sides meeting at a single peak.

outdoor kitchen pavilion

#3 Tiered Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

tiered-roof-pergola-miller

Two tiered roofs can be double roofs or tiered with cupolas or corbels for a stunning vision of classic old-world architecture.

two-tiered-pergola-roof-plan
2 tiered pavilion hipped roof

#4 Gable Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

A gable roof is shaped like an upside-down V and is sometimes referred to as a dual pitched, saddle, saddleback or peaked roof.

hipped roof cabana wedding
gable roof pavilion chandelier

#5 Cross Gable Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

A cross-gabled roof is formed by joining to or more sections of a gabled roof together to form a simple L or T shape to a variety of complex shapes such as a crow-stepped, stepped gable, stepped corbie, all of which look like steps.

Two tone hipped roof diy pavilion

#6 Solar Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

solar roof

Pergolas and solar panels are a winning combination. Instead of being an eyesore, solar panels can be custom integrated with one of our award-winning timber kit designs. Beautiful, responsible, and smart outdoor living.

Customizable roof pitch combined with a flexible site position allows for maximum seasonal energy collection. A flat roof allows panels to be ideally mounted with standoff mounting hardware for maximum angle of incidence, and also allows for seasonal adjustment as needed.

solar pergola

#7 Tile Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

Tile roof pavilion kit

A tile roof has some advantages when installing in the right climate. Installed in Arizona, this tile roof could last over 100 years. As solid wood timber frame does, tile roofs also perform better in withstanding fire, hail and high winds and carries a class-A rating.

#8 Retractable Canopies, UV Protective Shade Cloth & Fabric Umbrella Blinds

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

latticed shade cloth roof

Canopies create a shady umbrella that can add the soft look of fabric and can add great contrast and color complementing the strong masculine timber setting. There is motorized and manual retractable blind roofing system as well as solar-powered.

Weaved through the solid timbers, this Southwest-style attached timber frame pergola keeps the canopy stretched tightly preventing the fabric from flapping causing undue noise that is often associated with fabric canopies.

#9 Mono-Pitched Shed Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

sloped roof pavilion

ShadeScape® Shed Roof Pavilion Plan

Mono-Pitched or Shed Roof can be attached or freestanding. This type of roof is also referred to as a pent roof, lean-to roof or skillion roof. It is sloped only on one single side.

shed roof

#10 Two-Tone Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

Gazebo roof
Roof of Pavilion two-tone
Timber frame DIY 2-tone pergola kit

ShadeScape® Pergola w/Contrasting Roof Stain

Color creates interest and mood, much like a hairdresser does with mixing hair colors. It also adds instant perceived depth and height which is why our two-tone stain upgrade is a popular choice for outdoor shade shelters.

Gazebo Roof two tone

#11 Round Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

pergola round roof
round pergola
round roof diy pergola design

ShadeScape® Round Roof Pergola Plan

Some of the oldest constructions of indigenous shelters were round or semi radii such as the North American tepee, hogans, and yurts. Spherical or circular shapes reflect the earth and naturally give a welcoming curve appeal.

A Neuroscience study conducted at Harvard Medical School suggested when people were given a choice between linear or curved styles most chose circular or curved to be more aesthetically pleasing than linear styles.

The preference for roundness and curves is said to be more than just personal taste. It is hard-wired into our brains to have an aesthetic preference for contours, even in architecture.

round pergola swing

#12 Cantileverd Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

A cantilevered pergola roof makes an enduring statement with its well-thought-out design creating the feeling of openness and space as it graciously provides expanded shade in a limited or smaller area.

cantilever roof pergola kit

#13 Partial Open Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

Pergolas, arbor and trellis roofs are most often semi-covered with a beam and rafter crossed for a lattice-like styled roof. Western Timber Frame™ ShadeScape® pergola kits typically have 85% coverage because that is what a good shade tree offers.

fireplace pool pergola arbor swing

#14 Curved Cantileverd Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

A cantilevered pergola roof makes an enduring statement with its well-thought-out design creating the feeling of openness and space as it graciously provides expanded shade in a limited or smaller area.

timber frame cantilever roof pergola
cantilever roof pergola kit

#15 Barrel Top Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

Arch top diy pergola kit

A continuous curved arch that forms a timber frame roof for a pergola adds interest as well as drawing the eye upwards giving the perception of a grandeur scaled structure. There is an innate and natural affection for curves, and arches in architecture. 

autistic children center pergola

Domed roofs have been an attraction of great cathedrals, castles, and churches for over centuries of time. The Barrel Top design maximizes the interior living space and creates that extra aesthetic appeal – turning a beautiful shelter – into a stunning showplace.

arched top pergola kit
arch barrel top pavilion

#16 Inverted Radius Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

inverted roof pergola with fire pit

A continuous curved arch that forms a timber frame roof for a pergola adds interest as well as drawing the eye upwards giving the perception of a grandeur scaled structure.

bleach pergola

#17 Step Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

tiered pergola

A continuous curved arch that forms a timber frame roof for a pergola adds interest as well as drawing the eye upwards giving the perception of a grandeur scaled structure.

Timber frame deck with two tiered pergolas
Tier step pergola installed

#18 FullWrap® Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

The FullWrap™ roof is an elegant, unique finished look with the beam profiles shown on 3 or 4 sides and is one of our top pergola roof design choices.

 #19 Louvered Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

control pergola

At the push of a button, a remote-controlled louvered roof can open and close to let in the sunshine when you want it and close it off from the rain. A louvered solid wood roof is more can be strategically positioned when designed to direct and take advantage of the shade and the sun during the prime time of the day.

louvered roof pergola timber frame

Stationary timber frame solid wood louvered roof.

#20 Integrative Roofing

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

A gazebo with two addes pergola wings on the sides.

Integrating gazebo/pavilion and pergola roofing designs is a beautiful and practical combination in many outdoor living landscapes. With areas that are completely shaded as a pavilion or gazebo is joined together with the openness and freedom of a pergola, the architecture can be stunning.

#21 Polycarbonate & Custom Patterned Roofs

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

Polycarbonate roofing on pergola
custom shade outdoor dining fire

Every ShadeScape®, particularly an arbor or pergola will have a distribution of stencil-like shadows. Roofs with a unique patterns take on a whole new dimension.  The mirrored contrast displays an ever-changing array of moving impressions.  Polycarbonate or latticed roofing can add some real dynamics with color, lighting and specialty designs

#22 Asian Style Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

dragon head pergola

An Asian style pergola can be designed to complement and fit comfortably with the style and architecture of a modern home, garden, park or other outdoor spaces.

The decorative elements in a pergola including characteristics such as a skylight, hipped roof or a double pitched; some color elements all add to an awesome Asian/Oriental atmosphere creating a private sanctuary you can escape to and relax as though you were across the world; in your own backyard retreat.

#23 Unique Custom Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

Custom beam end profile
gardnervillage1-pergola-roof

Custom roof designs are one of its kind; unlike anything else. They are the vision of the individual business or homeowner who have a specific dream or unusual way of doing something. 

shade pool custom pergola

#24 Grass, Thatched or Vine Covered Roof

for Arbors, Gazebos, Pavilions, Pergolas, and Trellises

polynesian-pergola

If you are looking for that tropical backyard paradise or a lush garden-green atmosphere, a grass, thatched or vine-covered roof can capture the style and feel.

Thanks-Giving-Point-Display-2-1
plant climbing vine
wisteria pergola

Glossary of more varieties of complex shapes and designs of roof construction ideas:

A flat roof is the most common traditional roof in places that have low precipitation. Most “flat roofs” have somewhat of a gentle pitch.

A terraced roof was is a flat roof with a balustrade that is used as an extra living area.

The half-hipped or clipped gabled roof is a hip roof with a lower gable section.

The dutch gable roof is just the opposite of a half-hipped roof with the gable on top and the hipped roof lower.

The saltbox roof is a gabled roof the one side that is shorter than the other sometimes called a cat-slide roof.

A saw-tooth roof consists of a series of ridges that have a dual pitch on either side. The vertical surface is glazed and faces away from the equator in order to shield from the direct sunlight while admitting natural light from the northern hemisphere into a building or factory.

The four main elements that form a roof design is the type of material, design of construction and its strength and durability. Throughout the history of man, the covering for housing and shelters have been constructed from a variety of different materials such as: seagrass, banana leaves, bark, sod, straw, wheaten straw or rice reed, stone, slate, laminated glass, concrete, aluminum, copper, animal hides, wood or solar shingles, ceramic tiles, and even snow.

The roof’s construction is determined much by its underneath support, space it bridges and weather, whether a roof is pitched or not. Most modern solid roof’s in the United States are sloped or pitched to allow for runoff but as seen above there are numerous options in roof design for an outdoor shade shelter.

Western Timber Frame™ shade structures are visibly massive heavy timber of impressive engineering masterpieces rich in architectural heritage, perfected in modern technology, creating monumental heirlooms for generations to enjoy.

pergola kit layout

Top view of a Western Timber Frame™ backyard living layout and design with solid wood timber frame pergola kits.